Meet the American who created bubble gum, Walter Diemer, home-kitchen chemist outwitted scientists

Meet the American who created bubble gum, Walter Diemer, home-kitchen chemist outwitted scientists

Walter Diemer made it more fun to be a kid.

Business owners and ballplayers smiled with profit and pleasure, too, after chewing on his contribution to global consumer culture. 

Diemer invented bubble gum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1928. 

It was an unexpected moment of inspiration for the high-school graduate gum-company accountant with a side hustle as a home-kitchen chemist.


Diemer mixed creativity, curiosity and instinct with a little bit of luck and pink food coloring to change the reason humans chew.

The young man, just 23 at the time, had no scientific training. But he had passion for the creative process and a willingness to fail.

“He’s the perfect example of 100% American ingenuity,” Lee Wardlaw, the California-based author of “Bubblemania: A Chewy History of Bubblegum,” told Fox News Digital. 

“Humans tried for a long time to create bubble gum. Diemer did it in his own kitchen. He wasn’t even a chemist. He just tried and tried,” said Wardlaw. 

“Thomas Edison knew 99 ways not to make lightbulbs. Diemer knew 99 ways not to make bubble gum.”

Walter Edwin Diemer was born on Jan. 8, 1905 in Philadelphia, to Edwin and Mary Elizabeth (Rhode) Diemer. 

Little is known about his early life. But he grew up in an era of rapid innovation in the way Americans live. 

Automobiles and airplanes revolutionized travel and made the nation smaller. 

Home life grew easier, too. Electricity to indoor plumbing — things we take for granted today — emerged in the United States as normal parts of daily domesticity for the first time in humanity’s long struggle to survive.

One part of human life, however, changed little for millennia.  

“No one can be absolutely certain who the first gum chewers were, but historians tell us that civilizations around the world were chewing natural gum thousands of years ago,” the International Chewing Gum Association (ICGA) reports. 

“Before the invention of the electric light bulb, the telephone or even soda pop, people discovered the pleasure and benefits of chewing gum.” 

Chewing gum is “one of the oldest candies in the world,” the ICGA also says.

It’s also a uniquely human habit.

The gums, resins and latex plant secretions that humans chew for pleasure are widespread in nature. Yet no other animals picked up the habit.

The simple pleasure captivates the human psyche and is deeply embedded in our DNA and dreams.

One of the most famous kids in American literature, given the genie’s gift of any wish in the world, pined for more gum than one boy could ever chew.


“If he tells them to build a palace 40 miles long out of di’monds and fill it full of chewing gum,” the title character of Mark Twain’s 1884 novel “Huckleberry Finn” enthused, “they’ve got to do it.”

The 1920s were an era of prohibited pleasure, however. Alcohol was outlawed with the Volstead Act of 1919. 

Chewing-gum companies and confectioners saw bubble gum as a way to satiate the human desire to chew — and, in the 1920s, to profit from America’s thirst for new pleasures of the palate.

All chewing gum is made with four basic ingredients: a base resin, now often synthetic; flavorings, such as spearmint; sweeteners, natural or synthetic sugars; and coloring. 

Bubble gum, in most instances, is pink.

Regardless of color, bubble gum requires a specific formula to make it stretchy and strong enough to produce bubbles, but not too sticky — yet still easy to chew.

The best chemists and food scientists tried and failed for decades to find the perfect formula. 

Frank Henry Fleer himself, the owner of the company that employed Diemer, made some of his own advances. He introduced Blibber-Blubber in 1906.

The would-be bubble gum was just as bad as its name. 

“The stuff was too brittle. Bubbles would explode without warning,” writes Wardlaw in “Bubblemania.”

“Also, they [the bubbles] had the messy habit of sticking to the blower’s face. The only way to remove it from someone’s skin was scrubbing it with turpentine.” 

A chewy resin that produced bubbles proved the elusive Holy Grail of gum.


Diemer remained undaunted. He spent a year testing recipes at home, apparently with the approval — and bemused low expectations — of his bosses.

Coworkers were stunned when the young accountant walked into the office in August 1928 carrying a 5-pound batch of his latest home-cooked gum. He blew a bubble larger than anyone had seen. 

“It finally popped softly,” Wardlaw writes, “and he easily peeled it off his skin.”

“I had it! Everybody tried some,” Diemer later recalled. “It really went to our heads. We were blowing bubbles and prancing all over the place!”

The company dubbed it Dubble Bubble. Diemer mastered a 300-pound batch by the end of the year. 

The first 100 pieces were wrapped in taffy paper and brought to a local candy shop on Dec. 26, 1928.

Fleer, coincidentally, had entered the baseball trading card business in 1923. Baseball card manufacturers soon found that sticking a piece of bubble gum in the package was the perfect way to get kids to buy their products.

Among the many reasons kids loved bubble gum was its unique pink color. It was a stroke of marketing genius by Fleer Co. and Diemer.

Not quite.

“Pink food coloring was the only kind on hand” that day in Dec. 1928, writes Wardlaw. “He grabbed a bottle and dumped the bright liquid into the monstrous vat.”

With few exceptions, the color of bubble gum has never changed.

Walter Diemer died on Jan. 8, 1998, his 93rd birthday, in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 

His zest for life never faltered.

After his wife died in 1991, he moved to Lancaster, where “he was known as a free spirit who rode around town on a big tricycle,” the New York Times News Service wrote in a published obituary.

He remarried in 1996 — at 91 years old. 


Diemer’s impact on American life merited a “too soon” moment of comedy a few days after his death on “Saturday Night Live,” then a bellwether of cultural relevance.

“The inventor of bubble gum died this week,” Colin Quinn said on his “Weekend Update” segment. “His body was found stuck under a movie seat.”

Diemer’s Dubble Bubble remains the standard by which bubble-gum bubbles are measured.

Chad Fell of Alabama inflated a majestic 20-inch bubble-gum bubble on April 24, 2004 — still the largest ever known.

“He used the combined strength of three pieces of Dubble Bubble gum to create the pink balloon,” reports Guinness World Records. 

Diemer’s invention inspired an entire new category of music. “Bubble gum pop” equates his candy to flirtatious fun set to an upbeat, breezy tune. 


“Boys you’re right I’m having fun/chewing on my bubble gum,” Ella Fitzgerald sang in her 1939 recording “Chew, Chew, Chew (Your Bubble Gum),” an early example of the genre. 

Bubblegum-pop classic “Sugar, Sugar” by the Archies was the No. 1-selling song in America in 1969, a sweet bit of ear candy almost everyone enjoyed amid the turmoil of the Vietnam War and social unrest.

Bubble gum helps sell books to kids today. 

Dozens of bubble gum-themed books are listed at online retailers. 

“There’s something about bubble gum that just instantly appeals to kids,” said Wardlaw. “They love the color. It’s fun to blow bubbles and it annoys your parents.” 

Diemer apparently never received royalties for his invention. 

But he never left Fleer — he became a senior executive there. He helped popularize bubble gum in its early days, teaching salesmen how to blow bubbles. 

It’s a skill that millions of children around the world gleefully master today at an early age.

He was terrifically proud of it,” his wife Florence Diemer said, as reported in several tributes.

“He would say to me, ‘I’ve done something with my life. I’ve made kids happy around the world.'” 

To read more stories in this unique “Meet the American Who…” series from Fox News Digital, click here.

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